The Regency Wardrobe Collection - research & making - Wrapped in birds and butterflies
Wrapped in birds and butterflies
Garment: Woman’s shawl
Materials: FSC accredited paper tablecloth, tissue paper, embroidery thread
This piece forms a triptych with Of Frills and Feathers and its accompanying wall hanging.
Wrapped in birds and butterflies is likewise inspired by the hand-painted wallpaper in
the William IV room in The Royal Pavilion which was created in the late 20th century,
based on Chinese export paper from c.1800
Created with assistance from Jane Quail
A standard accessory during the Regency, for any modest woman who felt she would otherwise have too much cleavage on show was a fichu, also called a “tucker” for you tucked it into the bodice of your gown.
Fichus from the 3rd quarter of the 18th century and 1789
The Met Museum
"Fichu - softly draped collar" - The Regency by Marion Sichel
"A fichu is a large, square kerchief worn by women to fill in the low neckline of a bodice. It originated in the United Kingdom in the 18th century and remained popular there and in France through the 19th with many variations as well as in the United States. The fichu was generally of linen fabric and was folded diagonally into a triangle and tied, pinned, or tucked into the bodice in front." - Wikipedia
"Fichu was, broadly speaking, the French term for a neckerchief or scarf. The term appears in French from at least as early as the mid-18th century, and was adopted for English use as a more elegant alternative to neckerchief in the early 19th century."
For more about the differences between Handkerchiefs, Neckerchiefs, Buffons (in French the Fichu Menteur) and Fichus see: http://thedreamstress.com/2013/05/terminology-buffons-fichu-neckerchief-handkerchief/
18th-19th Century - The Met Museum
Triangular Fichu early 19th Century https://www.meg-andrews.com/item-details/Triangular-Fichu/7514
1805-1810 - The V&A
"This antique blonde lace tambour embroidered fichu...dates from 1830. It is hand stitched, made of a sheer fine off white blonde net lace, with tambour embroidery work chain stitching done in a floral spray vine leaf pattern design. It features long lappet front ends which could be crossed at the front, tied in the back and would have been worn for modesty" - https://www.1860-1960.com/xa7596p0.html
For more about Tambour work please see: https://www.janeausten.co.uk/tambour-work/#more-18337
If Fichus were mostly worn for modesty then a muff was definitely designed and worn for keeping warm.
For more about "tippets (boas), pelerines (a broad collar-like cape which covers the shoulders) & muffs" I would direct you to: https://georgianera.wordpress.com/2016/02/23/georgian-era-muffs-tippets-and-furs/ I considered making a fichu as part of The Regency Wardrobe collection, I even designed one, but in the end I went for another item definitely intended to be worn for warmth but which also could be quite beautiful and that is the shawl. That therefore is what the rest of this post is about.
It's always interesting to compare the changes that can happen in fashion in just a few short years, particularly in this period. Here are a Jacket, Shawl, and Petticoat, c. 1750-1790.
A Regency lady might have worn a square shawl, usually folded into a triangle, and you will see some examples in the fashion plates on this page: https://www.pinterest.co.uk/accessoryqueen1/regency-shawls/ However, the most common shape for a shawl by the early 1800's was a long rectangle more akin to a wide scarf or what is often referred to as a pashmina today, no matter what it is made of.
In fashion plates and in museum collections we can see how decadently long many Regency shawls were, nearly dragging on the floor; often between 2-5 - 3.5 metres. It's difficult to find modern shawls that are even 2 metres long.
1801 fashion plate: https://www.flickr.com/photos/51592109@N08/sets/72157624477496471/
Felicite de Durfort von Merry-Joseph Blondel, 1808
This image (left) shows an Indian shawl made of cotton, silk, and gold thread 1790-1800,
As the full force of the East Indian company only increased over the next several decades the desire for indian shawls began to be evidenced even in literature. For example in Elizabeth Gaskell’s novel North and South (1855): “Helen had set her heart upon an Indian shawl, but really when I found what an extravagant price was asked, I was obliged to refuse her. She will be quite envious when she hears of Edith having Indian shawls. What kind are they? Delhi? with the lovely little borders?”
- https://www.mimimatthews.com/2015/07/29/shawls-and-wraps-in-19th-century-art-literature-and-fashion-history/ - this is a lovely post showing some beautiful examples of shawls portrayed, whilst being worn, in paintings.
But the preference for Indian pieces had been powerful also during the Regency:"Indian influence on Regency dress included fine Indian muslin, used for dresses and cravats, and beautiful, expensive hand-loomed shawls. During the late 18th-early 19th century, an unprecedented number of Indian cloths, made of quality fabrics, were exported to Britain. These cloths were expressly made for the British market, with colors and chintz patterns toned down to appeal to the more restrained British taste." - https://janeaustensworld.com/2015/11/15/the-gracefulness-of-india-shawls-in-the-georgian-era/
And in this post a lady of today describes trying to find a shawl that compares to those from the Regency: http://suzanlauder.merytonpress.com/a-pretty-wrap-to-keep-out-the-chill-regency-shawls/
1800-1810 British - The Met Museum
1812-1820 Probably French - The Met Museum
Again from The Met collection here is an image of the corner of a shawl that is pure lace: https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/214463
The use of lace during the Regency and the types available requires a study (or at least a post) all it's own
"Before 1800 the threads of lace were usually linen; after 1800 cotton was more common. Silk and metal thread and occasionally such other materials as wool, aloe fiber, and hair of various kinds were also used. Almost all laces that have some claim to be called works of art are made in one of two techniques, needle lace and bobbin lace...Needle lace involves a very difficult technique and has seldom been used in folk art