The Regency Wardrobe Collection - research - The Hussars and the Light Dragoons, 1783-2019
Ok, so these garments aren't currently hidden from public view which is why I'm posting the images here rather than on The Hidden Wardrobe but The National Army Museum, Chelsea, London is a museum I hadn't heard of before I began this research and I wonder if that is more generally true, perhaps most especially amongst people who live outside of London. Also their current exhibition regarding the history of the Hussars is only on until June 2019. I am planning to make a hussar uniform as part ofThe Regency Wardrobe Collection. Given the relevance to my project, of the pieces they have on show currently and the exhibition's temporary nature I wanted to show the pictures I took, every piece can be seen at: https://www.nam.ac.uk/ and it's worth a visit.
My visit followed an email I'd sent to the museum enquiring about the Hussars' uniforms following my having discovered a link with Preston Barracks in Brighton. Their senior curator kindly told me: "The 11th Hussars only became Hussars in1840 which is why you cannot find any uniform images predating this period. Prior to 1840 the 11th were Light Dragoons and had been since 1783". She also sent me an image of the 11th Light Dragoons uniform from 1817:
She let me know: "The 11th Light Dragoons were one of the regiments known to have been stationed at Preston Barracks in 1815. With regards to regiments associated with Brighton I would suggest that you...consult a book titled: The Brighton garrison, 1793 - 1900: a layman’s collection of information and illustrations".
I now have access to a copy of that book so will be adding more posts as I discover more. Firstly though here is some background regarding the Hussars from their origins to the present day...
Text and Images from The National Army Museum exhibition Call in the Cavalry: "The origins of the Hussars has long been debated by scholars. The most accepted consensus is that hussars first appeared in the Hungarian military in the 15th century, as a response to Ottoman raids on the southern parts of the country.
The origin of the word `hussar' remains uncertain. It probably developed from the Latin word cursor, `runner'.
Soldiers who fought on horseback were known as cavalry. In the British Army there were light and heavy cavalry. The light cavalry were fast moving and used for scouting and reconnaissance, usually fighting on the flanks. In the 19th century, some British light cavalry units were reclothed and retititled as hussars. But why did this happen and where did the inspiration come from?
Adopting a Hungarian tradition
Hussars were light cavalry mounted on fast horses and originally came from Hungary. The British Army first encountered hussars during the War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48), but did not start transforming its own light dragoon regiments into hussars until 1806.
From 1806 to 1862, 12 regiments were either restyled or established as hussars in the British Army. These have since been amalgamated to form the three regiments we have today ~ the King`s Royal Hussars, The Queen`s Royal Hussars and The Light Dragoons.
From the beginning these regiments have formed their own traditions, and taken part in many famous cavalry actions, from the Battle of Waterloo, to the Charge of the Light Brigade and on to the Battle of Gebze, the last cavalry charge as a complete regiment in British military history."
British and Hungarian hussar uniforms shared many key features. In these uniforms, worn by Lieutenant John Douglas and Ernest Augustus, King of Hanover, you can see some of the similarities.
Officer`s uniform of the 15th (The King`s) Hussars 1. Busby The busby ~ fur cap ~ was eventually adopted by all hussars. The 15th (The King`s) Hussars kept their shakos much longer than other regiments. The British hussars kept the busby during the Crimean War (1853~56) for campaign use. [if !supportLineBreakNewLine] [endif]
2. Pelisse and Short Frogged Jacket Pelisses were short fur~edged jackets that were worn over the shoulder in the style of a cape, fastened with a cord, and intended to protect the wearer from sword slashes. Underneath his pelisse Lieutenant Douglas wears a short frogged jacket or dolman. The short frogged jacket was replaced with the tunic in 1855, when the pelisse was discontinued. [if !supportLineBreakNewLine] [endif]
3. Pantaloons These riding trousers were worn on special occasions. As shown here, they were sometimes elaborately decorated and embroidered. 4. Sabretache.
Hussars` trousers were so tight that there was no room for pockets. This made sabretaches ~ the pocket attached to the sword-belt ~ very important. Sabretaches were originally used for writing orders on and transporting them, later they became more decorative. 5. Hessian Boots
Light cavalry had short boots until the introduction of the hessian boot. Hessians were light boots which finished below the knee with a `v' notch in front. They were popular at the beginning of the 19th century. Jack boots and top boots were also worn by the light cavalry.
Staff officer`s uniform of the Austro-Hungarian 2nd Hussar Regiment 1. Dolman and Pelisse This is a short, waist-cut, light blue dolman and pelisse, decorated with rich gold braiding. The pelisse was decorated with black fur. According to tradition, the original pelisse is said to come from the wolfskin worn by Hunarian light cavalrymen, who killed these predators when they attacked livestock in the 17th century. 2. Shako
The shako ~ peaked cap ~ for this regiment was red with a black feather plume. The Hungarian hussars replaced their busbies with shakos not long after 1800.
3. Ammunition Pouch and Barrel Sash
A black leather ammunition pouch was worn on a shoulder belt. Around the waist was a barrel sash, made up of multiple levels of braid. 4. Sabretache
Sabretaches could be elaborately decorated on the front. This red leather sabretache has the embroidered cypher of King Ernst Augustus on its front flap.
This Model 1845 hussar officer`s sabre has a curved blade and a single sharp edge. Curved blades were primarily designed for cutting rather than thrusting
6. Hessian Boots
These typical Hungarian style boots, always worn with spurs by cavalry officers, have a curved top and golden decoration.
Officer's dolman of the Imperial-Royal Army 1840s
Originally deployed to fight back against Ottoman raids, the hussars later fought against the Habsburgs ~ the Austrian Royal Family ~ during Hungarian uprisings.
The 17th Century became the golden age of the hussars as they were integrated into the army of the Habsburg Empire and fought in several European wars. The army and the state
When in 1867 the Austro~Hungarian monarchy was born, the land forces of the armed forces were divided into three lines: the Imperial and Royal Common Army, the Royal Hungarian Defence Forces and the Royal Hungarian Territorial Troops.